"Buruma" is an English-to-Japanese-to-English transliteration of the word "bloomer", usually identifying an over-panty or public garment, whose purpose is to cover the panty and crotch area while leaving the maximum maneuvering room.
In real life, buruma are rarely part of a gym uniform these days since they're considered old-fashioned; however, they still show up in anime since they are fetishized by otaku.
The buruma has become a feature internationally in women's track and field and other sports uniforms. Though the design and materials may be different, the "racing buruma" as they are known in Japan, serve the same purpose and have the same brief shape.
Contrast with bloomers, which are a type of underwear constructed much like boxer shorts worn by women.
The following tags implicate this tag: adjusting_buruma, aqua_buruma, black_buruma, blue_buruma, brown_buruma, buruma_around_one_leg, buruma_aside, buruma_pull, green_buruma, grey_buruma, orange_buruma, panties_under_buruma, pink_buruma, purple_buruma, red_buruma, torn_buruma, white_buruma, and yellow_buruma (learn more).